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"The bluebird is well named, for he wears a coat of the purest, richest, and most gorgeous blue on back, wings, and tail; no North American bird better deserves the name, for no other flashes before our admiring eyes so much brilliant blue. It has been said that he carries on his back the blue of heaven and the rich brown of the freshly turned earth on his breast; but who has ever seen the bluest sky as blue as the bluebird's back?" (Quote describing the eastern bluebird from the Arthur Cleveland Bent series on the Birds of North America.)

The eastern bluebird is a summer resident in South Dakota. Mountain bluebirds extend their range to most parts of the state during migration.

Bluebirds are usually found in fields, open woodlands, parks or along golf courses or other open areas, including suburban locations with open spaces and scattered tress. In the mountains they are found in clearings and meadows. The eastern bluebird has a musical flight call that often reveals its presence. The mountain bluebird is well known for its hovering flight as it hawks for insects.

Male mountain bluebird

Red = summer range, Green = year-around, Blue = winter range


Male eastern bluebird

Red = summer range, Green = year-around, Blue = winter range

In The Backyard:
Bluebirds can be attracted to peanut butter mixes, suet and fruit. Raisins soaked in hot water to soften them are well received. The bluebird's special favorite is mealworms.

The eastern bluebird nests throughout North Dakota in appropriate habitat. One or two broods may be produced. Three to five light blue eggs are typical.

The nesting range of the mountain bluebird is limited to isolated areas in the western edge of the state. The typical clutch for mountain bluebirds is 4 to 6 pale, blue eggs.

If you manage a bluebird house watch for house sparrows trying to use the next box and immediately remove any house sparrow nesting material.

Visit the main Web site for information nest boxes and management, bluebird trails, range maps and much more on these popular birds. The Sam's Guide to Bluebirds CD-ROM and DVD provides complete information on bluebird trails, boxes, care and feeding and a whole lot more. - P.O. Box 181 - McKinney, TX 75070
Phone: 972-562-7432
Copyright 2003,2004, 2005 - All rights reserved. - P.O. Box 181 - McKinney, TX 75070
Phone: 972-562-7432
Copyright 2003 - All rights reserved.